A glimpse of lost language

first_imgIn the early 1600s in northern Peru, a curious Spaniard jotted down some notes on the back of a letter. Four hundred years later, archaeologists dug up and studied the paper, revealing what appear to be the first traces of a lost language.“It’s a little piece of paper with a big story to tell,” said Jeffrey Quilter, who has conducted investigations in Peru for more than three decades.Quilter is deputy director for curatorial affairs at Harvard’s Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, as well as director of the archaeological project at Magdalena de Cao Viejo in the El Brujo Archaeological Complex, where the paper was excavated two years ago.The writing is a set of translations from Spanish names of numbers (uno, dos, and tres) and Arabic numerals (4–10, 21, 30, 100, and 200) into the unknown language. Some of the translated numbers have never been seen before, while others may have been borrowed from Quechua or a related local language. Quechua is still spoken today in Peru, but in the early 17th century many other languages were spoken in the region, such as Quingnam and Pescadora.Information about them today is limited. Even so, the archaeologists were able to deduce that speakers of the lost language used a decimal system like our own.Quilter said that this simple list offers “a glimpse of the peoples of ancient and early colonial Peru who spoke a language lost to us until this discovery.”“The find is significant because it offers the first glimpse of a previously unknown language and number system,” said Quilter. “It also points to the great diversity of Peru’s cultural heritage in the early colonial period. The interactions between natives and Spanish were far more complex than previously thought.”The name of the lost language is still a mystery. The American-Peruvian research team was able to determine it was not Mochica, spoken on the north coast into the colonial period but now extinct, and pointed to Quingnam and Pescadora as possible candidates. Neither Quingnam nor Pescadora, however, have been documented beyond their names. There is even a possibility that Quingnam and Pescadora are the same language but they were identified as separate tongues in early colonial Spanish writings, so a definitive connection has not yet been established.The research is detailed in the Aug. 23 edition of American Anthropologist. To read the article, “Traces of a Lost Language and Number System Discovered on the North Coast of Peru.”last_img read more

Exclusive! Jeremy Jordan is ‘Moving Too Fast’ in Last Five Years

first_imgWe know you’ve been dying to see Cathy and Jamie fall in love and break up on the big screen ever since the upcoming film version of The Last Five Years was announced back in 2012, with film favorite Anna Kendrick and Broadway’s own Jeremy Jordan in the leads. Now, the wait is almost over, with the movie set for release on February 13. The same week, on February 10, the movie’s soundtrack will drop on Sh-K-Boom Records but if you pre-order the album today (click here), you can download two of the tracks immediately! And Broadway.com is exclusively premiering one below in it’s entirety, Jordan singing the Jason Robert Brown rocker “Moving Too Fast.” Enjoy! View Commentslast_img read more

White Sweet Potatoes.

first_imgThroughout the South, the humblesweet potato is a staple of regional cookery: Baked into soufflés,pies and casseroles, it flavors many a meal.Yet that very distinctive flavor– its cloyingly sweet taste — also has been a major obstacleto its expansion as a crop around the world.Deserted Island Food”It’s just hard to eat insignificant amounts, day after day,” said UGA horticultureprofessor Stanley Kays.But thanks to research by Kaysand fellow horticulture professor Wayne McLaurin, the sweet potatocould overcome its own sweet taste to become a major world foodsource.”If you were stranded ona deserted island and could have just one food to grow, this wouldbe the one to pick,” Kays said. “There are just so manypluses to it. It has an exceptionally high yield, it can be grownin a wide range of places, and it has tremendous stress tolerance.”It’s high in provitamin A andprotein, too, much higher than the traditional white potato. There’sjust one small problem: Hardly anyone in the world prefers theflavor of a sweet potato enough to plant and eat it in large quantities.Tasting The ‘Veggies’ of Their LaborSo Kays and McLaurin set out tobreed a non-sweet version of the crop. They began crossing sweetpotato varieties in 1990 in an attempt to waylay the enzyme thatcreates such a sweet taste. Eventually they hit on a promisingversion that also appeared to be quite resistant to disease. Alongthe way, the two researchers did the bulk of the dirty work intheir study: the tasting.”Most of the lines were justdreadful,” Kays said.But the eventual winner was virtuallyindistinguishable — in flavor, texture and even appearance –from a plain white potato. Kays said they were lucky to hit awinner relatively early in the experiments.”We picked the right parents,”he said. “There’s always an element of luck in any breedingprogram. You want to pick parents who possess those critical genesyou need.”During the years since, Kays hasbeen testing and talking up the potato among foreign governmentsand aid officials, including one recent high-profile UGA visitto North Korea. Kays soon will be sending propagation materialfor the North Koreans to try out — good news for a nation inthe throes of devastating famine, one where the white potato crophas failed as often as it has succeeded in recent years.It Grows Just About Everywhere”The sweet potato is reallydurable,” Kays said. “It can go through three or fourweeks of bad environmental situations — heavy rain, little rain– and still make a crop. This has real food security potential.”Thanks to McDonalds, the Chinesepeople have discovered they like french fries. While sweet potatoescan be produced in China for 40 percent less than white potatoes,only a small percentage is being used for human consumption becauseof its flavor. Kays’ new sweet potato will change this.It also could mean good news forGeorgia farmers, who already grow a limited amount of the crop,but are set to expand production if markets swell.Kays and McLaurin now plan tocreate sweet potatoes with other flavors and traits — based uponconsumer preferences or need. They are interested in creatingan exceptionally high provitamin A sweet potato that could beused to combat vitamin A deficiency, which results in blindnessfor up to 500,000 children around the world each year. Anotherpossibility is a blander sweet potato that can be added easilyto processed foods to increase their nutritional content and bulk.”The white potato is usedin approximately 10,000 kinds of processed foods right now,”Kays said. “I could see some of these products incorporatinga blend of a new kind of sweet potato instead.”last_img read more

New Vermont-Based Company, AgRefresh, Signs on Farm Projects

first_imgRenewable energy credits, green power, energy-efficient equipment, and hybrid cars have emerged as solutions for organizations looking to cool their carbon footprint in the fight against global warming. But who truly benefits from these environmentally supportive ideas?If the vision of Jeffrey Frost, Co-Founder of the farm-centered AgRefresh, is clear, then the answer is Vermont family farmers, organizations that consume a lot of energy, the environment, and Vermont’s rural economy.Launched this past June, AgRefresh is a farm-ecology broker, a term that Frost coined when he started this company to explain how AgRefresh helps organizations offset their fossil fuel use while supporting agricultural sustainability. The company does this by selling credits called Pure Farm Energy ” (PFE) Shares to organizations that are seeking ways to become more environmentally friendly. AgRefresh offers this credit (i.e., PFE shares) based on farm projects that produce energy from agricultural products, by-products, and wastes or from other farm-owned sources such as wind, solar, or geothermal.”We’re a new kind of broker,” says Frost, “When organizations that consume large amounts of energy purchase Pure Farm Energy” Shares, they’re not buying the electricity itself, but something of greater value. PFE shares are actually a special sort of currency, representing all the added benefits of farm renewable energy. We truly see it as the currency of the future if businesses and other organizations are committed to staying true to their environmental consciences.”Unlike other environmental offset brokers, AgRefresh has a farm-centered business model that aims to put the welfare of the farmers who produce Pure Farm Energy” first. Frost explains, “We structured our business to guarantee that two-thirds of the money buyers spend for PFE Shares will end up in the hands of the farm project owners.”This commitment to farms is being noticed. Cara Taussig, Vermont Earth Institute Coordinator and resident of Common Pastures (Cohousing), stated, I was so excited when I heard about PFE Shares because their benefits are really local – “they are a unique way to accelerate Vermont’s use of sustainable, renewable energy sources and to boost farmers in our communities. Best of all, anyone can buy PFE Shares because they don’t require a huge investment to participate.”On September 30, AgRefresh signed on its second farm project — Nordic Farms in Charlotte, VT, the smallest Vermont farm to date to have an anaerobic digester producing new renewable electric power. Frost says that he has verbal commitments from three to four other farm projects that he expects will become clients by the end of 2006.AgRefresh is owned by two Vermont dairy farms: Jasper Hill Farm of Greensboro and Foster Brothers Farm of Middlebury. Jasper Hill Farm was purchased by its current owners in 1998, a year when Greensboro had lost five dairy farms. Since 2002 the farm has been producing award-winning specialty cheeses and has created a model for sustainable agricultural development. The Foster Brothers family dairy farm is operated in conjunction with Vermont Natural Ag Products, Inc. that produces the Moo-Doo line of bagged and bulk soil mixes and compost from area farms.To qualify as a producer of Pure Farm Energy”, a project must be farmer-owned, following strict USDA definitions for ranchers and agricultural producers. AgRefresh is distinct from other environmental offset brokers in the following ways as well:” Each PFE Share represents three times the greenhouse gas reductions of a typical renewable energy certificate.” When organizations buy PFE Shares, they are investing directly in new renewable farm energy projects. Indeed, AgRefresh has created a True New” policy ensuring that investments go towards carefully selected new renewable energy projects which produce renewable energy and carbon emission reductions which would not otherwise occur.AgRefresh has instituted an open book operation. Investors will be able to see how Share purchase money has been used. Frost says, “We operate with open books and hope to set an example for all environmental offset providers. We’re dedicated to showing people that their hard-earned money is creating positive environmental change in the face of global warming.AgRefresh has received tax-supported funding from USDA Rural Development.”AgRefresh also has its eye on the future on a larger scale. The company plans to bring their PFE Shares to a national market, with the intent to deliver funds to farms in numerous farm-energy source states.Frost will be part of a panel entitled Farm Energy at the Vermont Renewable Energy Conference on October 19 at the Wyndham Hotel. For more information on the conference go to http://www.revermont.org/conference.html(link is external).For more information on AgRefresh visit www.Agrefresh.org(link is external) or email info@agrefresh.org(link sends e-mail).last_img read more

CDC Group, U.K.’s overseas development bank, to end fossil fuel financing

first_imgCDC Group, U.K.’s overseas development bank, to end fossil fuel financing FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享The Guardian:The UK government’s overseas development bank has bowed to calls to end fossil fuel financing abroad by promising to invest only in companies that align with the Paris climate agreement.The CDC Group revealed its new climate strategy, which will end support for the most polluting fossil fuel projects, including the production of oil and coal, and channel almost a third of its spending towards climate finance.The publicly owned investor, which supports job-creating sectors in Africa and south Asia, will end financing for coal mining, and oil and gas production, as well as new or existing power plants and refineries that use coal or heavy oil.The UK government is under growing pressure to end its support for overseas fossil fuel projects after campaigners revealed that more than £3bn in public money was used to support polluting projects abroad since the Paris climate agreement was signed.The CDC’s new climate strategy will place “a climate lens” over every sector in which it invests to make sure companies are reducing emissions, according to the development bank.The bank will allow only rare investments in gas power plants to support the UN’s sustainable development goals, and only in countries that can prove the project is aligned with a wider climate transition plan.[Jillian Ambrose]More: UK government development bank to end fossil fuel financinglast_img read more

Uruguayan Navy Committed to the Fight Against Narcotrafficking

first_imgBy Geraldine Cook/Diálogo December 03, 2018 Admiral Carlos Eduardo Abilleira Aris, commander of the Uruguayan Navy, wants to transform his military institution into a more efficient and operational organization. To do so, he focuses on consolidating the Marine Corps Command and unifying Maritime Traffic Control centers. Adm. Abilleira participated at the XXVIII Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC) in Cartagena, Colombia, July 23-26, 2018. He spoke with Diálogo about his participation at IANC and the combined work with neighboring countries to control narcotrafficking and criminal activities, among other topics. Diálogo: How important is Uruguay’s participation in this conference? Admiral Carlos Eduardo Abilleira Aris, commander of the Uruguayan Navy: For most participating nations, this topic is substantially important, and I think it impacts us in a similar way. The difference in focus arises because narcotrafficking, the topic we covered at this conference, affects countries in a different way; some with a greater degree of internal intervention because they produce [the drug], others have problems that facilitate its trade, and others address this issue at the end of the chain, which has to do with consumption. Although Uruguay is not a drug producer, it contributes and fulfills its commitment to the international cooperation effort to eliminate this threat to the peace, security, and health of our people. Diálogo: Why do you believe in the importance of addressing this topic for the armed forces? Adm. Abilleira: Specifically because narcotrafficking uses every means of transport to do business: air, land, and sea. Maritime means are very convenient for narcotrafficking because they can move large quantities. Ships are responsible for transporting more than 80 percent of cargo worldwide, and the system that regulates maritime trade provides an opportunity to misuse or hide illegal (drug) loads within legal shipments or containers. Diálogo: How important is IANC for the Uruguayan Navy in the fight against narcotrafficking and common threats? Adm. Abilleira: This conference is very valuable. I’d like to point out that one element all commanders need is to improve maritime traffic information and intelligence. We agree that our best chance for success is for intelligence to flow at the right time, in real time. Diálogo: How does the Uruguayan Navy support the region’s naval forces in this struggle? Adm. Abilleira: We have different organizations; we are part of maritime traffic control networks by which we exchange information on vessels and cargo movement. Also, we carry out exercises and use different types of units operationally, depending on the setting or theater of operations. We use procedures and try to standardize them not only to improve interoperability, but also to address complex cases, such as rivers in border areas, where bilateral agreements and cooperation are essential. Diálogo: The training ship Capitán Miranda is being refurbished. What progress has been made? Adm. Abilleira: The ship received what is called a long-life repair. It got new engines, and all systems in the engine room were updated, including its control system, which was duplicated like the navigation bridge systems, to enable instruction for midshipmen who embark on their graduation trip. Other transformations were also carried out in the structure and hull. With these changes, we expect to have a ship with modern equipment—the vessel was built in 1930—that we will be able to use for many more years. Diálogo: What is your most important effort? Adm. Abilleira: Being more efficient in our tasks, meaning the same tasks with less funds and personnel, as a result of restructuring and armed force reduction, which must also be adapted to a lower budget. In this respect, as I mentioned, we started to restructure infantry forces, unifying the Prefecture infantry forces (with maritime police missions similar to the Coast Guard) with infantry forces of the Fleet Command (that had national defense functions) in one single Marine Corps Command, so it can be managed with both purposes: defense in typical Marine Corps missions, and in missions to counter narcotrafficking and support the Maritime Police. This year, we’re thinking of unifying the three Maritime Traffic Control centers. We have three separate centers that coordinate and supervise all maritime traffic in our jurisdiction: One depends on the Fleet Command to control its deployed units and search and rescue missions; another depends on the Prefecture Maritime Traffic Directorate to control and assist entry and exit of ships at ports, and help with coastal navigation; and the third, the Maritime Traffic Naval Control Center, which works within the program of the CODEFTRAMI [Maritime Traffic Defense Coordination] plan with all the navies of the South Atlantic Maritime Area [AMAS, in Spanish] to favor the security of these lines of communication. Diálogo: Since you took office in February 2018, what has been your most important challenge? Adm. Abilleira: Making these transformations and trying to achieve those I mentioned about the Marines Corps and traffic control. We also need to acquire new means, especially surface means, since our patrol capabilities beyond 200 miles are quite reduced. We are thinking of a less expensive configuration, such as offshore patrol vessels. We also worry about technology, since we have to get more technology to better safeguard borders, especially to become more effective in countering narcotrafficking. Diálogo: What agreements, exercises, or activities does the Uruguayan Navy conduct with Argentina and Brazil to control narcotrafficking and criminal activity? Adm. Abilleira: Particularly, AMAS, which I previously mentioned, is an organization created in 1959 to carry out missions against narcotrafficking. Not only do South American countries on the South Atlantic coast—Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina—take part in this organization, but also Paraguay. This network is permanently active, and the coordinator is an admiral who is replaced every two years. Uruguay coordinates it since March 2018, and Brazil will take over in March 2020. We have a common doctrine of use that not only includes information analysis, but navies also take part in annual exercises. One is ACRUX, for coastal operations, and we conduct bilateral operations, such as Operation Fraternal with Brazil and the combined naval exercise PASSEX. Diálogo: As a signatory nation to the Antarctic Treaty, do you carry out operations in Antarctica? Adm. Abilleira: We provide support to the General Artigas Station on King George Island, and to the Ruperto Elichiribehety Scientific Antarctic Station, both in Antarctica. We provide logistic support by sea via our Antarctic ships, ROU 4 Artigas and ROU 26 Vanguardia, which are multi-purpose ships capable of taking all supplies for those bases to be operational for one year. Diálogo: What is your message for all IANC admirals on combined work? Adm. Abilleira: We have to work on our relationships, attend these conferences. Face-to-face contact gives us new opportunities for trust, to build better bonds of friendship that help create other cooperation agreements and, essentially, intelligence exchanges, without the usual reluctance proper to specialized agencies.last_img read more

House passes NAFCU-backed reg relief bills; vote on ADA bill today

first_img continue reading » The House yesterday advanced two NAFCU-backed regulatory relief bills – one amending various banking laws and another adjusting the CFPB’s TILA/RESPA integrated mortgage disclosures (TRID) rule. The bills now await Senate action.“We thank members of the House for supporting bills that will provide credit unions with much-needed regulatory relief,” said NAFCU Vice President of Legislative Affairs Brad Thaler. “NAFCU and its members especially thank Representatives Patrick McHenry, Gregory Meeks and French Hill for introducing these bills and responding to the needs of the credit union industry.”The two bills passed by the House Wednesday include: 7SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Innovo Reel Drive Executes Mediterranean Sea Campaign

first_imgInnovo has recently completed work for a contractor in the Mediterranean Sea that has seen the INNODRIVE reel drive system achieve 15 months umbilical laying and spooling activity with 0% downtime.Innovo said it was selected by the contractor thanks to its system’s unrivaled reliability and following successful previous contract delivery.Stefano Malagodi, general manager of Innovo, said, “The INNODRIVE is our response to the demand from operators and contracts for a powerful, reliable and quick-to-mobilise reel drive system for today’s market.“It can transport 800 ton reels in a sea-state of eight with only the hub engaged and without sea-fastenings. We believe this makes it not only the largest available worldwide, but also the most economical thanks to time savings.“Customers have the added advantage of using our Electrical Driven Lay Spread (EDLS) system which we provide in partnership with Sparrows Group. It enables us to reduce the staff dedicated to system operation by up to 40%.“These figures demonstrate that Innovo is well-placed to deliver the cost savings and predictably reliable equipment that the market demands.”last_img read more

Vatican announces Facebook, YouTube pages for John Paul II

first_img Sharing is caring! FaithLifestyle Vatican announces Facebook, YouTube pages for John Paul II by: – March 16, 2011 Share Share Tweetcenter_img 68 Views   no discussions Share Pope John Paul II, famous for his power to communicate the Roman Catholic Church’s message around the world, is getting another chance to do so, with the Vatican launching pages dedicated to him on Facebook.The Holy See launched the social networking pages Tuesday, in advance of the beatification of Pope John Paul II on May 1, the last step before sainthood. “The aim is to diversify the instruments so as to give this initiative as great an exposure and as wide a coverage as possible,” the Vatican press office said in a statement.The new Facebook and YouTube pages feature video clips from John Paul’s nearly 27-year pontificate and are being maintained by Vatican Radio and of the Vatican Television Centre. The Vatican announced in January that John Paul II, who died in 2005, would be beatified later this year. The social networking campaign around his beatification comes after Pope Benedict praised online social media, even while identifying some dangers of the new technology.“In the digital world, transmitting information increasingly means making it known within a social network where knowledge is shared in the context of personal exchanges,” Benedict said in a January statement for the church’s World Communications Day. “This dynamic has contributed to a new appreciation of communication itself, which is seen first of all as dialogue, exchange, solidarity and the creation of positive relations,” he said. In order for a candidate to be beatified, one miracle after death must be proved through the scrutiny of medical and theological experts.By Dan Gilgoff, CNN.com Religion Editorlast_img read more

Diamond Mountain doubleheader sees Kennemore, Trenchard shine

first_imgCraig Nieman and Keith Foux were Karl Kustoms Northern SportMod winners. Foux scored the rich $1,000 win on Saturday in his son Justin’s ride, in only his second night in the car. Timothy Allerdings was the runner-up while third went to Nieman. SUSANVILLE, Calif. (July 3-4) – Nevin Kennemore cashed in with his first IMCA Modified feature win of the season while Nick Trenchard returned to victory lane for a big win of his own on night two of the Independence Weekend special at Diamond Mountain Speedway. Modifieds – 1. Nevin Kennemore; 2. Mitch Murphy; 3. Alec Childs; 4. Cory Sample; 5. Trevor Fitz-Gibbon; 6. Ryan McDaniel; 7. Shawn Natenstedt; 8. Jimmy Lipke; 9. Riley Simmons; 10. Ga­len Hainline; 11. Ray Lindeman; 12. Danny Lauer; 13. Jeff Faulkner; 14. Chris Nieman; 15. Matt Murphy; 16. Wade Kennemore; 17. Cole Jones; 18. Jeff White; 19. Larry McCracken; 20. Dave Sciarroni; 21. Scott Foreman.  Northern SportMods – 1. Foux; 2. Timothy Allerdings; 3. Nieman; 4. Jimmy Ray Huffman; 5. Crook; 6. Jason Ferguson; 7. Longacre; 8. Chew; 9. Kennemore; 10. Foster; 11. Rogers; 12. Jer­emy Phillips; 13. Russell; 14. Belli. By Stephanie Deatherage  Modifieds – 1. Nick Trenchard; 2. McDaniel; 3. Sample; 4. Simmons; 5. Natenstedt; 6. Nieman; 7. Lauer; 8. Faulkner; 9. Nevin Kennemore; 10. Royce Goetz; 11. Matt Murphy; 12. Wade Kenne­more; 13. Fitz-Gibbon; 14. Sciarroni; 15. Lindeman; 16. Rob Robles; 17. James Welshone; 18. Foreman. July 3 Feature Results Nick Trenchard, already on the Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot, banked $2,000 for his July 4 IMCA Modified feature win at Diamond Mountain Speedway. (Photo by Shawn Castillo)  July 4 Feature Results Northern SportMods – 1. Craig Nieman; 2. Keith Foux; 3. Tyler Rogers; 4. Colton Chew; 5. Rich­ard Longacre; 6. Nathan Howard; 7. Kelly Kennemore; 8. Dennis Crook; 9. Ryan Belli; 10. Scott Foster; 11. Colby Russell.  On Friday, Nieman parked his machine in the winner’s circle following his first triumph of the cur­rent campaign, good for $500. Foux and Tyler Rogers rounded out the top three. Kennemore led al 25 laps of the Friday feature, earning a career-best $1,500 payday and a spot of the Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot. After seeing a sizable lead erased by a late caution, his win came ahead of Mitch Murphy and Alec Childs. Already an All-Star candidate, Trenchard started fifth and had to hold off Ryan McDaniel and Cory Sample for the $2,000 checkers. The win was his second this season at Susanville. Nevin Kennemore’s first IMCA Modified feature win of the season came on opening night of the Independence Weekend at Diamond Mountain Speedway. The $1,500 checkers put the Standish, Calif., driver on the Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot. (Photo by Shawn Castillo)last_img read more