Jordan E. Gilbert / USMC MAYVILLE – Additional COVID-19 rapid testing will take place in Chautauqua County next week.The Chautauqua County Health Department says the testing is free and available for Chautauqua County residents.Officials encourage anyone who has been exposed to the virus or, is showing symptoms, to schedule an appointment.They say those who have tested positive for COVID-19 in the past 90 days should not be re-tested because they could still test positive. The Health Department uses Abbott ID Now analyzing machines to determine results. After a patient is swabbed, it takes 15 minutes to run each test.The clinics will take place in both Jamestown and Dunkirk as follows:Murphy Training Center, 665 Brigham Rd.Tuesday, December 22, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.Tuesday, December 29, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.Taylor Training Center, 240 Harrison St.Wednesday, December 23, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.Wednesday, December 30, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.Residents can register for an appointment on the Health Department’s website or call 1-866-604-6789. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)
The problem with most feed readers is that they’re controlled by humans – namely, us. As curators of the Web, we collect disparate links in Jekyll and Hyde-like bouts and then forget to maintain our feeds. It’s totally understandable. Over time and depending on our moods, our interests change. Years ago the term “social media” may have seemed as futuristic as robotic exoskeletons and citizen space travel. Today, if you’re naive enough to add “social media” as one of your feed-related interests, you’re likely to drown in a river of presentation posts. Parse.ly hopes to change that. To begin, Parse.ly asks users to enter the topics they’d like to read about. From here you use a drag-and-drop interface to determine your level of interest around each topic. Your favorite topics go into a “Most” interested box, while your fleeting fancies are labeled as “Somewhat” interesting. From here, the system scores and compiles your reading list based on relevancy. As you star, unstar and delete items, Parse.ly learns your preferences and acts accordingly. For those of us suffering from information overload, this is a great way to get back on track. Rather than having to go through each and every subscription, users can either ignore articles or take an active role in removing or demoting an interest. What’s more, the fact that this system is adaptive means that based on keyword matching, it might just serve you some unknown gems. Parse.ly is currently in closed beta and is expected to launch in 2010. If you’d like to try the service, register for an invitation at parse.ly. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… dana oshiro Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Parsely Tour from Sachin Kamdar on Vimeo. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#start#startups Related Posts Bloggers, muckrakers and news fanatics, lend me your ears. It’s entirely possible that we’ve discovered one of the best approaches to media monitoring since RSS itself. My mother always said, “You’ll never get what you want unless you ask.” But with adaptive feed application Parse.ly, that simply isn’t true. Rather than forcing us to abandon our overflowing feed readers, Parse.ly records our preferences and learns to work with us.
A hustler needs a mastermind group.Install a Bigger VisionSomeone once said you are the average of the five people with whom you spend the most time and the books you read. There is a very real and very important truth in this statement. Your vision can become limited to the vision of the people you surround yourself with.If the people you spend the most time with don’t have a bigger vision of who they are, who they are becoming, and what they are capable of, you won’t have that vision either. You can very easily become comfortable where you are. You can spend too much time there.A mastermind group of hustlers will challenge your vision by showing you what is possible. They’ll infect you with their mindset. And they will install a bigger vision.Iron Sharpens IronOne of the greatest benefits of a mastermind group is that different members have different backgrounds, different skills, and different business models. These differences provide the hustler with the opportunity to learn from the other members.If one member has a certain experience or skill set, that member can massively shorten the learning curve of the hustler who needs to learn something new to produce better results.One of the biggest learning outcomes you get with a mastermind group is that you get to learn other people’s business models. In a lot of cases, the hustler can apply another member’s business model and improve their own.The sharing of skills and models works both ways. The hustler learns from the mastermind, and she also contributes by teaching.Personal AccountabilityHustlers don’t need anyone else to hold them accountable for producing results. That’s one of the things that makes a hustler a hustler.The members of the mastermind inspire and encourage each other to push harder, to go further, to produce even greater results. By openly discussing their results and they challenges, the members of the mastermind group notch each other up.A mastermind group provides a form of accountability. It’s a different kind of accountability.Opportunity CreationA mastermind group can also help the hustler with new opportunities.Almost anyone who is willing to participate in a mastermind group will have a network of friends, allies, customers, and partners worth knowing. These connections can provide the hustler with new opportunities or help them with introductions.A mastermind group of hustlers will share their personal resources to help the group—and the individuals that make up the group—succeed. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now
The Warriors have lost twice by at least 33 points already this month, though in fairness they sat Klay Thompson in one of those games and Stephen Curry in the other.At least they know they’re going to the postseason. Not everyone has had that ability to exhale yet.San Antonio still hasn’t clinched a 22nd consecutive playoff spot, which would tie Philadelphia (1950-71, some of that as the Syracuse Nationals) for the league record, though the Spurs are well on their way.“That’s a good sign that they’re figuring it out,” Spurs coach Gregg Popovich said.Charlotte’s Tony Parker’s quest for an 18th straight playoff appearance is in trouble. James’ run of 13 straight is over. Minnesota’s Jeff Teague has been in the league for 10 years, and this is the first time he won’t be in the postseason.ADVERTISEMENT Miami Heat guard Dwyane Wade, right, signs for fans after an NBA basketball game against the Washington Wizards, Saturday, March 23, 2019, in Washington. The Heat won 113-108. (AP Photo/Nick Wass)MIAMI — The playoff field is largely set.The positioning, that’s still anyone’s guess.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LaMarcus Aldridge’s 48 lead Spurs past skidding Celtics Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Memphis’ Omri Casspi has now played in 588 career games for seven different franchises, zero of them in the playoffs, and that won’t change this year in what is now the fourth-longest playoff drought by any player in NBA history. And Golden State’s DeMarcus Cousins — finally — should play in a playoff game, barring injury between now and the second weekend of April.The Warriors are in that place where they’re tuning up for the postseason, but they also want to ensure that they close their time at Oakland’s Oracle Arena the right way before moving into a brand-new Chase Center in San Francisco next season.“Our players and our organization, we’re basically dedicating this season to Oracle and the East Bay and to Oakland,” Warriors coach Steve Kerr said. “We know we’re not moving that far, but we’re moving from this building and we’re moving from this city and that’s not an easy thing for anybody. This season is all about finishing it the right way and doing it for the people in Oakland.”Let’s take a look at where things are:EASTERN CONFERENCEIN: No. 1 Milwaukee, No. 2 Toronto, No. 3 Philadelphia, No. 4 Indiana.The Bucks are in total control of the race for the No. 1 overall seed and home-court advantage throughout the playoffs. Really, the two interesting games left on their schedule are Tuesday against Houston (Giannis Antetokounmpo vs. James Harden in the MVP battle will be the dominant narrative there, as if one game will change much) and April 4 at Philadelphia (two teams that just don’t like one another). Toronto’s remaining schedule is the easiest left in the NBA, but the Raptors may have run out of time in their quest to catch the Bucks.ON THE VERGE: Boston. It’s only a matter of time. The Celtics are going to get in.WHAT’S LEFT: Technically, six teams — Detroit, Brooklyn, Miami, Orlando, Charlotte and Washington — for three spots. Washington’s odds are almost nonexistent. The Miami-Orlando game on Tuesday is enormous, especially for the Heat. Brooklyn’s remaining schedule looks incredibly tough, unless the Nets run into some teams who rest stars on those nights. And with two games against Milwaukee in April, that’s possible.OUT: Atlanta, Chicago, Cleveland, New York. View comments Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants Google Philippines names new country director PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag So even while some of what we could have had for drama over the final 2½ weeks of the NBA regular season won’t materialize — LeBron James and the Los Angeles Lakers are already out of the playoffs, robbing us of one potential story line — the races for seedings and home-court edges are almost certain now to go down to the final days of the season.Milwaukee has the edge over all other teams in the race for the No. 1 overall seed. Dwyane Wade’s career still isn’t guaranteed of going past Miami’s regular-season finale in Brooklyn on April 10. Golden State, bidding for a third straight NBA championship and fourth in five years, still has a fight on its hands just to get the No. 1 seed in the Western Conference.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“We’re ready to take on any challenger,” Warriors forward Draymond Green said.There have been nights where that’s looked like a very accurate statement. Others, not so much. THE WEEK AHEADA game to watch every day this week:— Monday, Brooklyn at Portland: The Blazers clinch with a win, as the Nets’ seven-game trip continues.— Tuesday, Orlando at Miami: Major East implications and the Heat retire Chris Bosh’s No. 1 jersey.— Wednesday, Indiana at Oklahoma City: Paul George’s former team visits Paul George’s current team.— Thursday, L.A. Clippers at Milwaukee: Doc Rivers and Mike Budenholzer both merit coach of the year.— Friday, Indiana at Boston: The way things are right now this would be a first-round playoff series.— Saturday, Miami at New York: Dwyane Wade’s final game at Madison Square Garden, his favorite.— Sunday, L.A. Lakers at New Orleans: Because we can’t get enough LeBron James vs. Anthony Davis. WESTERN CONFERENCEIN: No. 1 Golden State, No. 2 Denver, No. 3 Houston.The race for No. 1 in the West is obviously important for home-court advantage through as many rounds as possible, but there’s something else for the Warriors and Nuggets to consider. If Houston — playoff-bound for a franchise-record-tying seventh straight year — finishes in the No. 3 spot (which is far from guaranteed), then the top-seeded team would avoid seeing James Harden until the West finals. Golden State’s lead over Denver is only a half-game, but the Warriors’ remaining schedule is a ton easier than what Denver has left.ON THE VERGE: Portland, the Los Angeles Clippers, Oklahoma City, Utah, San Antonio. The Spurs are eighth, but they have a very easy schedule left and shouldn’t have much trouble not only clinching, but possibly moving up a spot or two.STILL WITH A TINY CHANCE: Sacramento, which probably can’t lose more than one or two games the rest of the way.OUT: Minnesota, the Los Angeles Lakers, New Orleans, Memphis, Dallas and Phoenix.SLOVENIAN SHOWDOWNLost amid the playoff hubbub is this: They’re expecting hundreds of Slovenian fans in Miami on Thursday.Goran Dragic vs. Luka Doncic for the first time is the reason why.The NBA’s two Slovenian players this season — who teamed up to help their tiny nation win the European championship in 2017 — will finally face off. Dragic missed Miami’s game in Dallas last month, so this will be their first time sharing the court in different uniforms.
Germany will look to avoid a first round exit when they take on the high flying Swedish side on Saturday in their second Group F fixture in this year’s World Cup.The World Champions were handed a shock defeat by Mexico in their opening fixture and loss to today can push them towards elimination. However, it also depends on Mexico winning their match against South Korea earlier in the day for that to happen.But, the possibility cannot be ruled out as Mexico will go into the match as clear favourites. On the other hand, the Swedes are high on confidence after winning their first match and trumping Netheralnds and Italy to reach the World Cup. They would believe that they can beat a shaky German team and progress into the next round with one game to spare.2018 FIFA WORLD CUP: FULL COVERAGEIf Sweden indeed succeed in their attempt, it would be the second consecutive World Cup where the defending champion has been knocked out of contention before the knockout stage. Sweden beat South Korea 1-0 in their 2018 World Cup opener (AP Photo)A win would likely to clinch their place in the round of 16 in their return to the World Cup for the first time since 2006 but it won’t ne easy.”We need to dare to do even more,” Sweden coach Janne Andersson said after beating South Korea 1-0 in its opener.Beating Germany would certainly throw even more chaos into an already unpredictable World Cup.FIXTURES | POINTS TABLEadvertisementSweden will find a wounded Germany lineup trying to rebound from a 1-0 loss to Mexico in the opener where it was thoroughly outplayed. It was the first time since 1982 that a German team lost its opening match at the World Cup. And immediately questions followed about the state of the squad.What stood out in the loss to Mexico was Germany’s susceptibility to the counter attack and the number of scoring opportunities allowed.”Against Sweden it will be a different setup. Sweden has different strengths and weaknesses compared to Mexico,” Germany’s Thomas Mueller said. “I don’t expect them to be as fantastically gifted when it comes to transitions as the Mexicans, but having said that they have some players that can hurt us on the offensive.”This Swedish squad is built on defending and being opportunistic. They lack the flash that would have come with Zlatan Ibrahimovic being involved for another turn. It’s their discipline and defense which led them to finish second ahead of the Netherlands in a difficult UEFA qualifying group. It was being opportunistic that led to the only goal of their two-leg playoff that stunningly eliminated Italy. And it was both those factors which led to a 1-0 win over South Korea in the opener. Sweden’s defense was good enough and made Andreas Granqvist’s penalty in the 65th minute stand up.Germany is preparing for a well-organized defense that is difficult to break down.”We expect a total defensive block facing us so we need to play quickly and prevent them from reforming (defensively),” Mueller said.LINEUP CHANGEThere’s been significant debate about the role of Marco Reus and whether he should be starting for Germany. Reus entered in the 60th minute against Mexico and Germany’s attack was notably better once he got involved. But Reus has suffered significant injuries the past few seasons, none bigger than a knee injury that caused him to miss more than half of last season with Dortmund.Reus said his conversations with coach Joachim Loew made it clear he wouldn’t start against Mexico. As for Sweden?”I really have no say in this. All I can do is make is as hard as possible for them to do without me,” Reus said. “I try and give my all in training, offer myself and do hope of course I’ll be picked in order to help Germany get out of the group.”LAST TIMEGermany and Sweden haven’t met since qualifying for the 2014 World Cup when they were in the same group. The teams played to a 4-4 draw in Berlin, before Germany earned a 5-3 win in Sweden on Oct. 15, 2013.(With inputs from AP)
TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Mijatovic can see Mourinho returning to Real Madridby Carlos Volcano2 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Real Madrid sports chief Predrag Mijatovic can see Jose Mourinho returning to the club.Mourinho is being linked with Zinedine Zidane’s job at Real.And Mijatovic admits he can see it happening: “If Zidane came back and I never thought it would happen, why can’t Mourinho return to Real Madrid? “All the coaches who go through Madrid want to come back because they want to fix things they did during their time at the club.”But Madrid has a coach, his name is Zidane and you have to respect that.”
NEW YORK — U.S. stocks are modestly higher Friday morning and indexes overseas are slightly lower as a steep plunge in global stock markets comes to at least a temporary halt.Investors bought utilities, household goods makers and other stocks they see as relatively safe, and Nike surged after a strong quarterly report.Markets have suffered wide losses over the last week. The major U.S. indexes have fallen 10 per cent this month, and without a substantial gain over the final days of trading, they are headed for their single worst month since February 2009. That’s before the current bull market began.Investors around the world have grown increasingly pessimistic about the global economy over the next few years. It’s widely expected to slow down, but traders are concerned the cooling might be worse than they previously believed and that the U.S. could eventually tip into a recession.The Federal Reserve is projecting that the U.S. economy will grow 3 per cent this year, the fastest since 2005, and about 2.3 per cent next year, and forecasts two years of further increases after that. But as interest rates rise and regions the U.S. does a lot of business with, like Europe and China, also slow down, those estimates might be harder to reach.Trade tensions between the U.S. and China, the largest and next-largest economies in the world, are not the only reason for the expected slowdown in economic growth and corporate profits, but they are adding even more uncertainty to a picture that already looks cloudy.The S&P 500 index picked up 32 points, or 1.3 per cent, to 2,500 at 10:19 a.m. Eastern time. The index, which is widely used by funds that track the U.S. market, has fallen about 16 per cent from its high in September.The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 360 points, or 1.6 per cent, to 23,214. The Nasdaq added 50 points, or 0.8 per cent, to 6,581. The Russell 2000 index of smaller-company stocks edged up 8 points, or 0.6 per cent, to 1,333.Athletic gear maker Nike jumped 8 per cent to $72.91 after a better-than-expected third-quarter report. That helped shoe retailer Foot Locker, which gained 4.8 per cent to $50.20.Household goods companies climbed. Pepsi rose 2.7 per cent to $113.15 and Procter & Gamble added 1.5 per cent to $92.36. Also rising were utilities and health care companies. Utility company Dominion Energy jumped 2 per cent to $76.34 and drugmaker AbbVie rose 2.2 per cent to 87.27.As of Friday morning, utilities and health care companies were the only two sectors in the S&P 500 that are higher than they were on Jan. 1. The S&P 500 itself is down about 7 per cent in 2018. After accounting for dividends, it’s on track for its first annual loss since 2008, the year the global financial crisis roiled markets.Defence contractors fell after President Donald Trump said he’s withdrawing U.S. soldiers from Syria in an unexpected move. Media reports say the administration might also pull large numbers of soldiers out of Afghanistan. Northrop Grumman fell 2.7 per cent to $236.97 and Lockheed Martin fell 2.7 per cent to $258.13.The market’s big losses this month are an outlier because December is generally the strongest time of the year for U.S. stocks. Traders often talk about a “Santa rally” that adds to the year’s gains as positions are closed out and people adjust their portfolios in anticipation of the year to come. Barring huge gains, this will be the worst December for the U.S. market since the 1930s.Germany’s DAX slipped 0.2 per cent while France’s CAC 40 fell 0.5 per cent. The FTSE 100 in Britain dipped 0.7 per cent. All three have suffered steep losses this year. The DAX is down 22 per cent from its record high in January, while the CAC 40 has fallen 17 per cent from its peak in May and the FTSE 100 has lost about 15 per cent over that time.Chinese markets have been in the front line of worries this year amid trade tensions with the U.S. The Hang Seng index in Hong Kong rose 0.5 per cent Friday, but is down 22 per cent since late January. The Japanese Nikkei declined 1.1 per cent and it’s down almost 17 per cent since early October. South Korea’s Kospi inched up 0.1 per cent.Stocks are not the only financial assets recording momentous changes this month. Oil prices have declined 40 per cent from recent highs amid concerns over a glut in the market. Worries over the outlook for oil demand, given the expected slowdown in the global economy, have made things worse.Benchmark U.S. crude dipped 0.2 per cent to $45.77 a barrel in New York. The international standard, Brent crude, declined 2 per cent, to $53.25 a barrel in London.Bond prices edged higher. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 2.78 per cent from 2.79 per cent.The U.S. dollar also ticked higher after two days of sharp losses brought on by fears about the economy and slower increases in interest rates. The dollar fell to 111.02 yen from 111.11 yen. The euro fell back to $1.1406 from $1.1469 and the British pound slipped to $1.2646 from $1.2671.____Pan Pylas contributed to this story from London.Marley Jay, The Associated Press
Kolkata: Kolkata and Bidhannagar Police have successfully maintained the law and order situation across the city, leading to trouble-free celebration for city residents. During Dol Jatra on Thursday and Holi on Friday, a total of 174 persons have been arrested by Kolkata police for alleged disorderly conduct.According to sources, as per the arrangement there were 709 police pickets set up on Thursday. All Deputy Commissioners of Police (DCPs) and Assistant Commissioners of Police (ACPs) of Kolkata Police were kept on supervising duty throughout the day. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaAlso multiple mobile patrolling vans in each division and Quick Response Team (QRT) and Heavy Radio Flying Squad (HRFS) vans were there in strategic points across the city. Apart from law and order, special anti-crime teams were also deployed to prevent any untoward incident across the city. The women team of Kolkata Police, popularly known as ‘The Winners’, was also found on duty on Thursday and Friday. Sources informed that the number of complaints has come down compared to the previous years. The maximum number of arrests were made from the East Division of Kolkata Police. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwayApart from law and order and crime, traffic police personnel were also there to prevent drunken driving, over speeding, rash driving and other traffic norm violations. On Thursday, 711 persons were prosecuted for riding bikes without wearing helmets. 11 persons were arrested and later bailed out for driving in drunken condition. On Friday, 699 bike riders were prosecuted for not wearing helmets, while 39 drivers have been arrested and later bailed out after prosecution for allegedly driving in drunken condition. Apart from Kolkata Police, Bidhannagar Police has also successfully managed to keep the law and order situation under control and prevent crimes on Thursday. During special drives and naka checking, 198 persons were arrested under several sections of IPC for allegedly creating nuisance, disorderly conduct and disobeying orders by the police. 76 persons were arrested and later bailed out for driving in drunken condition.
As the NFL playoffs approach, teams will be competing hard down the stretch to secure home-field advantage for at least one postseason game. It’s also the reason teams like the Rams and Saints, who have comfortably locked up a playoff spot and even home field for their first playoff game, will risk injury to their starters as they chase home field for a potential conference championship game. This all makes good sense: Over 57 percent of games are won by home teams in the NFL, putting the road team at a distinct disadvantage.The benefits of playing at home in the NFL are clear. Statistician and FiveThirtyEight contributor Michael Lopez, along with Gregory J. Matthews and Benjamin S. Baumer, found that the effect of home field-advantage in American football is second only to the NBA among the major sports. But what is less clear is why.Michael Lombardi, NFL analyst and former front-office executive, believes that much of the disadvantage stems from players being unable to hear the snap count. According to Lombardi, losing the ability to hear the count takes away the offensive line’s inherent advantage of knowing when the play will start. This allows linemen and skill players to burst off the line and get a small early advantage on the defense. This loss of first-mover advantage on the offensive line — I’ll call it the Lombardi hypothesis — then manifests itself as road teams being less effective running the ball.The Lombardi hypothesis is intuitive. Most fans who have watched an NFL game in Denver or Seattle have seen the effects crowd noise can have on an offensive line’s ability to communicate. It’s not a huge leap to think that lower rushing efficiency might be the natural result of a loud crowd. But is it true? Are teams less effective running on the road? And if teams are less effective rushing on the road, how confident can we be that crowd noise is the cause?To find out, I took play-by-play data generated by Elias Sports Bureau from 2009 through Week 15 of 2018 and broke out all rushing plays by home and away team. I then plotted the distributions of yards gained per rushing play for both groups to see if there was a difference between rushing effectiveness for home and away teams.It turns out that road teams are indeed slightly less efficient rushing. Home teams average 4.37 yards per carry while road teams average 4.27, a tenth of a yard less. The distributions of yardage gained on rushing plays are extremely similar, however, and the disadvantage road teams face when rushing the ball is quite small. Assuming both teams ran 30 times in a game, we would expect the road team to rush for just 3 less yards than the home team.The relative benefits to the home team are magnified if we look at rushing expected points added, which account for game context like down, distance and field position. EPA per rush play is negative for both home and away teams, -.073 away vs. -.058 for home teams, but it is slightly less negative of a proposition for the home team. Over those same 30 rushing plays, we would expect the home team to lose 1.7 points, while the away team would be expected to lose 2.2 points, good for a half-point differential.So the first part of the Lombardi hypothesis appears to be correct: It is slightly harder to run on the road than at home. But is crowd noise the most likely cause? As a first approximation for a loud crowd, I broke out the rate at which both home and road teams were penalized for false starts1Using the same Elias data from 2009-2018.. We might expect more false start penalties to be called on the away team in a hostile, loud environment than the home team. Yet this not what we find. From 2009 through Week 15 of 2018, false start penalties were called on 1.4 percent of all home team plays and 1.34 percent of road team plays.This is a strange result if crowd noise is the driver of road teams’ lower rushing efficiency. To validate the finding, I drilled down into situations where teams were either backed up inside their own 10 yard line or in their opponent’s red zone. We’d expect the home crowd to be especially boisterous in those high-leverage situations, leading to more false starts for the road teams. But again that isn’t the case. Road teams were penalized for a false start on 1.44 percent of such plays, while home teams were penalized at a nearly identical — but still higher — rate of 1.47 percent. There’s other research that suggests crowd noise is not a factor in NFL team performance as well. Economist Tobias Moskowitz and Sports Illustrated writer L. Jon Wertheim were also unable to find evidence that crowd noise affects player performance. In the NFL specifically, they found that kickers and punters appear to be unaffected by crowd noise — undermining another common perception.But if crowd noise can’t explain home-field advantage, then what does? Unfortunately, the answer to this rather fundamental question remains elusive. Probably the best evidence for a true home-field advantage comes in the form of the sports teams in Denver. It may be the case that Denver’s high win percentage at home, especially early in the season, is dragging up the home league-wide home-field advantage. Each mile-high team in the major sports enjoys a home-field advantage far above those of their peers. The reason for it can be traced back to temperature and altitude. Playing at a high altitude without properly acclimating to it, especially in warmer temperatures, is a legitimate physiological disadvantage.I asked Lopez, who is now director of analytics for the NFL, his opinion on what drives home-field advantage, and he was circumspect. “It really is unclear,” he said. Lopez identified a few areas that might account for at least some of advantage, including referee bias in high-leverage situations.“If you look at the 15 most impactful, controversial calls in games over the past few years I think you’d find that maybe 14 of the calls went for the home team,” Lopez said. Next Gen Stats data might hold promise in this regard, however. “Using the ball-tracking data we have available, there are probably incremental ways we can help make official’s lives easier while increasing fairness in the game,” Lopez said.Lopez also noted that some recent studies have shown a drop in the size of the effect of home-field advantage. The drop could perhaps be explained by more comfortable travel, or better institutional controls on referee bias. How much these factors explain the 57 percent win rate home teams enjoy is difficult to say. Blaming crowd noise and its hypothesized effect on home-team rushing efficiency, however, appears to be unfounded.